Cabot Institute blog

Find out more about us at www.bristol.ac.uk/cabot

Monday, 28 July 2014

Pearls of wisdom: The importance of knowledge exchange when facing environmental uncertainty

Dame Pearlette Louisy at the Living
at the Sharp End of Environmental
Uncertainty Conference, Bristol, 17
July 2014. Image credit: Amanda
Woodman-Hardy
On 17 July 2014, Dame Pearlette Louisy, Governor-General of Saint Lucia, came to the University of Bristol to give a keynote talk on the challenges and strategies on environmental uncertainty from Saint Lucia and the Caribbean.  Her visit marked the start of a Cabot Institute funded conference at the university, Living at the Sharp End of Environmental Uncertainty, where members of Small Island States (SIS) came together with academics and stakeholders to thrash out the problems facing SIS in a world of global environmental uncertainty.  This blog post captures some of the key points from Dame Pearlette’s talk.

Defining environmental uncertainty


Defining ‘environmental uncertainty’ is a tricky prospect.  What does the term actually mean?  It’s embedded into the Cabot Institute’s strapline of ‘Living with environmental uncertainty’ but it can be hard to define.  Dame Pearlette felt there were two principle components to ‘environmental uncertainty’ - a lack of knowledge and a lack of knowledge about how an environmental system will change in the future. 

Environmental challenges in the Caribbean


Hurricane Tomas, 2010. Image credit: Ryder Busby
The challenges facing the Caribbean are strongly based around environmental uncertainty.  It is an area highly prone to devastating natural disasters like hurricanes, earthquakes, landslides and volcanoes.   Being a small geographical area its vulnerability is increased especially as its dependence on tourism and agriculture for income can ruin its resilience by the occurrence of one natural event.  The limited capacity to develop, coupled with limited human resources and a fragile ecosystem means that the Caribbean’s ability to implement disaster risk reduction is relatively low.

One of the key things that stood out for me in Dame Pearlette’s talk was that the locals are noticing the effects of climate change already.  A little rhyme they use about the hurricance season goes like this:

June - Too Soon
July - Standby
August - You must
September - Remember

October - It's all over

What is shocking is that hurricane season now lasts six months (June to November) leaving communities on tenterhooks for half of the year.  Comparing this to the old rhyme, it is clear to see that this is a much longer season than it used to be.

Sadly communities in the Caribbean are particularly vulnerable to all sorts of environmental impact.  Those living on reclaimed land or at sea level are prone to flooding by high water tides.  Communities also rely heavily on coastal and marine resources leaving them vulnerable when these are damaged by environmental events.  There is also the problem of getting insured in the Caribbean.  The islands are classified as high risk which has led to very high insurance premiums for people who can ill afford them.  This has led to communities not redeveloping after disasters.

Disaster management in the Caribbean


Haiti after Hurricane Tomas had passed through.
Image credit: DVIDSHUB
Caribbean disaster management is difficult as the people who live there cannot manage disaster responses by themselves.  However there are fantastic organisations across the Caribbean who are key to managing risk and are helping to build a resilient and sustainable future:


Dame Pearlette was keen to point out that enhanced international cooperation is needed if we are to improve sustainable development in the Caribbean region.  

New approaches to Saint Lucia’s landslide problem


Saint Lucia is volcanic in origin and it has steep slopes. Most flat land there is situated in a narrow belt, which is where most settlement is located.  Hurricane Tomas hit Saint Lucia in 2010 and it had a large impact on the community and its financial health.  Two years later there was a landslide on the main arterial road Barre de L'Isle.  This cut the island in two and caused substantial damage to infrastructure, buildings, the East Coast Road, slopes and water catchments including the Roseau Dam which collected a lot of silt.  Saint Lucia are still trying to desilt the dam which is causing water shortage problems this year. 

It is particularly difficult to reforest slopes after landslides as all the soil is swept away leaving bare rock.  Landslide disaster risk is increasing and new approaches to designing and delivering landslide risk reduction measures on-the-ground are urgently needed.  In response to that challenge, researchers at the Cabot Institute developed a novel methodology, Management of slope stability in communities (Mossaic), the vision for which is to provide low cost, community-based solutions, such as low cost drains and other related measures to reduce landslide hazard.  Watch the video below for more info.



You can read more about how the Cabot Institute has been working with St Lucia on this poster and this powerpoint presentation

Strategies for the Saint Lucia government


Dame Pearlette outlined some key strategies that Saint Lucia is implementing to improve its resilience to natural hazards and environmental uncertainty including a climate change adaptation policy; a strategic programme for climate resilience; a special programme on adaptation to climate change; a pilot programme for climate resilience; and a national environmental education policy and strategy.

However there is one key challenge and that is of funding. Saint Lucia has debts and what is troubling is that it is now difficult to borrow because lenders are not sure of Saint Lucia’s ability to pay their loans back which means the country continues to depend on external assistance of NGOs.  Although not an ideal situation, there is interesting work being funded by NGOs.  One such NGO is UNDP who are working with communities to achieve environmental sustainability with emphasis on the poor to build capacity.

Education for sustainable development - the future of environmental management?


At the end of Dame Pearlette’s talk, she shared her thoughts on the best way forward.  She strongly felt  that Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) is the best way to bring about environmental change.  Even though no Caribbean policy for ESD exists, there are many groups trying to embed ESD into their institutes of learning.  Dame Pearlette said that knowledge management is the management of an organisation’s knowledge assets for the purpose of creating value.  The key principle of uncertainty is about lack of knowledge.   Therefore knowledge creation and knowledge sharing is paramount for managing sustainability and thus it is the individual or country’s responsibility to ensure it keeps learning to reduce its environmental uncertainty.

Here at the University of Bristol, we also believe that ESD is a worthwhile ambition to embed sustainable development into our own curriculum. At the Cabot Institute we have appointed an intern to undertake a Community Based Learning project to place environmental postgraduate students with organisations in the local community.  By embedding our environmental knowledge and sharing it with our communities, we can help build a more sustainable world and more resilient communities to what seems to be a growing plight of environmental uncertainty.

This blog is by Amanda Woodman-Hardy (@Enviro_Mand), Cabot Institute, University of Bristol.


Amanda
Woodman-Hardy



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    1. My name is Andy James currently living in Zurich Switzerland,Am writing this letter because am really grateful for what Elvin Morrison did for me and my family when I thought there was no hope he came and make a way for me and my family by lending us loan at a very low interest rate of 2%. I never thought that there are still God sent and genuine loan lenders on the web but to my greatest surprise i got my loan without wasting much time so if you are out there looking for a loan of any amount i would like to recommend you to Elvin Morrison the Managing director of Elvin Loan Company because he is a God sent man that can change your life forever, So if you really want to make a better life without any fund scarcity I would advise you to get in touch with him through this e-mail below elvinloancompany@yahoo.com or call on +13072132540.

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    2. How I Was Rescued By A God Fearing Lender {Lexieloancompany@yahoo.com}

      Hello, I am Andrew Thompson currently living in CT USA, God has bless me with two kids and a lovely Wife, I promise to share this Testimony because of God favor in my life, 2days ago I was in desperate need of money so I thought of having a loan then I ran into wrong hands who claimed to be loan lender not knowing he was a scam. he collected 1,500.00 USD from me and refuse to email me since then I was confuse, but God came to my rescue, one faithful day I went to church after the service I share idea with a friend and she introduce me to LEXIE LOAN COMPANY, she said she was given 98,000.00 USD by MR LEXIE , THE MANAGING DIRECTOR OF LEXIE LOAN COMPANY. So I collected his email Address , he told me the rules and regulation and I followed, then after processing of the Documents, he gave me my loan of 55,000.00 USD... So if you are interested in a loan you can as well contact him on this Email: lexieloancompany@yahoo.com or text +1(406) 946-0675 thanks, I am sure he will also help you.

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    ReplyDelete
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    1. My name is Andy James currently living in california USA Am writing this letter because am really grateful for what Elvin Morrison did for me and my family when I thought there was no hope he came and make a way for me and my family by lending us loan at a very low interest rate of 2%. I never thought that there are still God sent and genuine loan lenders on the web but to my greatest surprise i got my loan without wasting much time so if you are out there looking for a loan of any amount i would like to recommend you to Elvin Morrison the Managing director of Elvin Loan Company because he is a God sent man that can change your life forever, So if you really want to make a better life without any fund scarcity I would advise you to get in touch with him through this e-mail below elvinloancompany@yahoo.com or on our web page http://elvinloancompanys.bravesites.com or call on (307) 213-2540.

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    Mr. Scott

    ReplyDelete
  14. My name is Andy James currently living in Zurich Switzerland,Am writing this letter because am really grateful for what Elvin Morrison did for me and my family when I thought there was no hope he came and make a way for me and my family by lending us loan at a very low interest rate of 2%. I never thought that there are still God sent and genuine loan lenders on the web but to my greatest surprise i got my loan without wasting much time so if you are out there looking for a loan of any amount i would like to recommend you to Elvin Morrison the Managing director of Elvin Loan Company because he is a God sent man that can change your life forever, So if you really want to make a better life without any fund scarcity I would advise you to get in touch with him through this e-mail below elvinloancompany@yahoo.com or call on +13072132540.

    ReplyDelete
  15. Affordable Loan To Get Your Financial Problem Solved { Clydesdaleloancompany@yahoo.com }

    Hello everybody, I am Tarsha Dannis , from Mississippi ,Ontario USA. I am a widow at the moment with two kids and i was stuck in a financial situation and i needed to refinance and pay up my bills and buy a house here in Oklahoma. I tried seeking for loans from various loan lenders both private and corporate but never with success, and most banks declined my credit. But as God would have it way, i was introduced to a lender Called George Clydesdale by a friend named Adam Ken Fisher who got a loan from them and contacted them as instructed and to my greatest surprise, i got a loan sum of $349,000.00 and today am a house owner and my kids are doing well. So my friends, if you must contact any lending company with reference to securing a loan with low interest rate of 3% and better repayment plans, contact George Clydesdale Loans LLC ( Clydesdaleloancompany@yahoo.com ) He offers all kinds of loans You can contact him through his email via: ( Clydesdaleloancompany@yahoo.com ) or Tel: (347) 708-8926 or visit there webpage http://georgeclydesdaleloans.bravesites.com/

    ReplyDelete
  16. Greetings to you by ADIA.

    We are a France-Paris based investment company known as Avit
    Development Investment Authority working on expanding its portfolio
    globally and financing projects.

    We would be happy to fund and invest with you in any profitable
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    on:avitinvestmentauthority2@gmail.com for more details.

    Looking forward hearing from you soonest.

    Yours truly,
    Mrs Kristina Anderson
    (Personal Assistant)
    Avit Development Investment Authority(ADIA)
    501 Avenue Montaigne,75008 Paris-France
    Paris-France.Avit Development Investment Authority (ADIA)

    ReplyDelete
  17. How I Was Rescued By A God Fearing Lender {Lexieloancompany@yahoo.com}

    Hello, I am Andrew Thompson currently living in CT USA, God has bless me with two kids and a lovely Wife, I promise to share this Testimony because of God favor in my life, 2days ago I was in desperate need of money so I thought of having a loan then I ran into wrong hands who claimed to be loan lender not knowing he was a scam. he collected 1,500.00 USD from me and refuse to email me since then I was confuse, but God came to my rescue, one faithful day I went to church after the service I share idea with a friend and she introduce me to LEXIE LOAN COMPANY, she said she was given 98,000.00 USD by MR LEXIE , THE MANAGING DIRECTOR OF LEXIE LOAN COMPANY. So I collected his email Address , he told me the rules and regulation and I followed, then after processing of the Documents, he gave me my loan of 55,000.00 USD... So if you are interested in a loan you can as well contact him on this Email: lexieloancompany@yahoo.com or text +1(406) 946-0675 thanks, I am sure he will also help you.

    ReplyDelete
  18. Affordable Loan To Get Your Financial Problem Solved { Clydesdaleloancompany@yahoo.com }

    Hello everybody, I am Tarsha Dannis Banks , from Mississippi ,Ontario USA. I am a widow at the moment with two kids and i was stuck in a financial situation and i needed to refinance and pay up my bills and buy a house here in Oklahoma. I tried seeking for loans from various loan lenders both private and corporate but never with success, and most banks declined my credit. But as God would have it way, i was introduced to a lender Called George Clydesdale by a friend named Adam Ken Fisher who got a loan from them and contacted them as instructed and to my greatest surprise, i got a loan sum of $349,000.00 and today am a house owner and my kids are doing well. So my friends, if you must contact any lending company with reference to securing a loan with low interest rate of 3% and better repayment plans, contact George Clydesdale Loans LLC ( Clydesdaleloancompany@yahoo.com ) He offers all kinds of loans You can contact him through his email via: ( Clydesdaleloancompany@yahoo.com ) or Tel: (347) 708-8926 or visit there webpage http://georgeclydesdaleloans.bravesites.com/

    ReplyDelete
  19. Hello everyone, My name is Mrs Lynette Mengel from united states of America and i am talking as the happiest person in the whole wide world today and i told my self that any lender that rescue my family from our poor situation, i will tell the name to the whole wide world and i am so happy to say that my family is back for good because i was in need a loan of $ 100,000 USD to start my life all over as i am a single mum with 4 kids and the whole world seemed like it was hanging on me until i met the GOD sent loan lender that changed my life and that of my family, a GOD fearing lender,the director of the company Mr Oscar James , he was the Savior GOD sent to rescue my family and at first i thought it was not going to be possible until i received my loan of $ 100,000 USD on the 30th/May/2016 and i will advise any one who is in genuine need of a loan to contact Mr.Oscar James via email at (oceanfinancials.uk.net@gmail.com) because he is the most understanding and kind hearten lender. Thanks, Contact him asap.......

    ReplyDelete
  20. My name is Andy James currently living in california USA Am writing this letter because am really grateful for what Elvin Morrison did for me and my family when I thought there was no hope he came and make a way for me and my family by lending us loan at a very low interest rate of 2%. I never thought that there are still God sent and genuine loan lenders on the web but to my greatest surprise i got my loan without wasting much time so if you are out there looking for a loan of any amount i would like to recommend you to Elvin Morrison the Managing director of Elvin Loan Company because he is a God sent man that can change your life forever, So if you really want to make a better life without any fund scarcity I would advise you to get in touch with him through this e-mail below elvinloancompany@yahoo.com or on our web page http://elvinloancompanys.bravesites.com or call on (307) 213-2540.

    ReplyDelete
  21. Get a Loan Today At 3% Interest Rate, contact us at:davidloans760@gmail.com

    Welcome to DAVID JAMES Loan Company, This is a legit loan Company, formed to help individuals who are in need of financial crises and help them achieve their goals in life.

    Available Loans we offer are,

    1. Personal Loans (Secure and Unsecured)
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    Interested clients should please send request to our email for application form and terms. Try and see for your self, our wonderful services that does not exceed

    working days for loan processing and just only (1)hour 35 minutes of loan Transfer.

    EMAIL---[ davidloans760@gmail.com ]

    Warm Regard

    ReplyDelete
  22. DO YOU NEED A LOAN TO START A BEFITTING NEW YEAR!!!!!!
    Do you seek funds to pay off credits and debts? Do you find yourself in a bit of trouble with unpaid bills and don’t know which way to go or where to turn? What about finding a reputable Debt Consolidation firm that can assist you in reducing monthly installment so that you will have affordable repayment options as well as room to breathe when it comes to the end of the month and bills need to get paid? Adam Fred Loan Company is the answer. Email (Adamfredloanfirm@outlook.com)
    **Are you financially squeezed?
    **Do you seek funds to pay off credits and debts?
    **Do you seek finance to set up your own business?
    **Are you in need of private or business loans for various purposes?
    **Do you seek loans to carry out large projects?
    We offer the following types of loans
    *Debt Consolidation Loans *Business Loans *Personal Loans *Home Loans *Car Finance *Commercial Loans *Investments Loans *Debts Consolidation *Business Planning *Commercial Development Finance *Properties Mortgages *Bad credit loans *commercial loans *Start-up- working capital loans *Construction loans *Car loans, *Hotel loans*Student loans
    We give you loan with a low interest rate of 2% and loan duration of 1 to 30 years to pay back the loan (secure and unsecured). Do not keep your financial problems to yourself in order for you not to be debt master or financial stress up, which is why you must contact us quickly for a solution to your financial problems. It will be a great joy to us when you are financially stable. Email (Adamfredloanfirm@yahoo.com) or Text or call us on +15017229938 OR +18144768385
    Reply

    ReplyDelete
  23. DO YOU NEED A LOAN TO START A BEFITTING NEW YEAR!!!!!!

    Do you seek funds to pay off credits and debts? Do you find yourself in a bit of trouble with unpaid bills and don’t know which way to go or where to turn? What about finding a reputable Debt Consolidation firm that can assist you in reducing monthly installment so that you will have affordable repayment options as well as room to breathe when it comes to the end of the month and bills need to get paid? Adam Fred Loan Company is the answer. Email (Adamfredloanfirm@outlook.com)

    **Are you financially squeezed?
    **Do you seek funds to pay off credits and debts?
    **Do you seek finance to set up your own business?
    **Are you in need of private or business loans for various purposes?
    **Do you seek loans to carry out large projects?

    We offer the following types of loans

    *Debt Consolidation Loans *Business Loans *Personal Loans *Home Loans *Car Finance *Commercial Loans *Investments Loans *Debts Consolidation *Business Planning *Commercial Development Finance *Properties Mortgages *Bad credit loans *commercial loans *Start-up- working capital loans *Construction loans *Car loans, *Hotel loans*Student loans

    We give you loan with a low interest rate of 2% and loan duration of 1 to 30 years to pay back the loan (secure and unsecured). Do not keep your financial problems to yourself in order for you not to be debt master or financial stress up, which is why you must contact us quickly for a solution to your financial problems. It will be a great joy to us when you are financially stable. Email (Adamfredloanfirm@yahoo.com) or Text or call us on +15017229938 OR +18144768385
    Reply

    ReplyDelete
  24. I GAVE EMINENT JOSH A CHANCE TO FAIL JUST LIKE OTHERS : BUT HE PROVED ME WRONG BY GRANTING ME A LOAN joshloancompany@gmail.com OR +1(215)-874-8060

    Its really teeming with scammers on the internet, really not normal. In one week I lost $11,750 for payments. I had inquiries made at Dandy Cash.com and it came just disappointed. I've been a victim of several con-artist who scammed me until I finally found someone who was still honest (Eminent Josh loans...joshloancompany@gmail.com). Frankly i thought it would go the same way just like those before him, I was a little hesitant and skeptical but considering the dwindling situation of my life in general, I had no other choice other than to go through with the loan with Josh and expecting him to fail; so I took the risk anyway and I was able to borrow from him $75,000 suprisingly. Therefore, I'm pleading and soliciting to you out there whom might probably be in a similiar financial mess to do business with Eminent Josh or else risked been ripped off like those before Josh did to me and run away with my hard earned money. EMINENT JOSH is the only one i trust because he gave me the loan i needed were others failed, do not contact anyone else other than Josh because they might be scams whom pretend to be loan lenders they rip people of their hard earned money, the U.S. Attorney General are searching for this guys to penalize them for their evil act. so don't contact these guys and thereby promoting their nefarious vices in our society, they will only rip you off like they did to me. FOR YOUR SAFETY AND GOOD CONTACT EMINENT JOSH on joshloancompany@gmail.com or better alternative you can text/call the company rep on 215-874-8060

    ReplyDelete
  25. IT WORKED FOR ME AND YOU CANNOT BE ANY DIFFERENT WITH THIS GREAT/REPUTABLE COMPANY (starloansfirm@gmail.com Or +1-(770)-917-2656

    Greetings to everyone in this forum, my name is Richard Venezia resident at 3485 Beech Street Santa Rosa, CA 95407, I had health issues/complications and due to this reason I was advised by my doctor to always move with a vehicle in order to avoid total loss of strength as my place of work was remote from where I reside, I told my husband about my plans to get a loan since there was no other means so I could get a good car of my choice but my husband instructed and advised that I shouldn't obtain an loan online because almost all so-called lenders online are fake and fraudulent in their actions so I had to suffer the stress of not moving on a car for some months andpoint but still I was advised by my siblings to apply for a bank loan instead of anonline loan especially due to the current ongoing news about online scammers but all effort to get a loan from my bank didn't work through because I was having abad credit score/report so with all this issues I had to get my mind crossed by applying for a loan online although i won't say that i was so perfect or very careful not to be a victim. I strongly believe that it was the lords mercy of God that directed me to STAR LOANS COMPANY. The great news is that I got my loan funds very fast and easy. Trust!!! the news came to everyone who discouraged me from this online loan issue and the most surprising of all was that I was granted this loan funds at an affordable interest rate of 2%... I am grateful for this car and medical loan and I am also grateful to the STAR LOANS COMPANY for their transparency and total support. To you whom is reading this review of mine and might probably be in a similar situation of needing a loan, you can contact them on starloansfirm@gmail.com or text +1-(770)-917-2656

    ReplyDelete
  26. How STAR LOANS COMPANY helped me restored my dying business and paid mortgage

    Greetings to everyone, my name is Rodney T. Bendel resident at 823 Timbercrest Road Kodiak, AK 99615. I'm a father of 3 kids, I lost my wife 4 years back (16 May 2013) from Tucson, Arizona. I am so grateful to STAR LOANS COMPANY for granting me the loan i requested for. The sum of $120,000 on the 22th of AUGUST, 2017 to pay mortgage and restore my business that was already dying and, through the help of Mr Morrison Webb who is the director of the company. They saved me from loosing my home. This message might be of help to you out there in need of a genuine loan in other for you not to fall into the wrong hands or delay yourself from getting a loan, while search for a liable loan, my advice to you is to contact this company via email: starloansfirm@gmail.com
    mobile number: +1-(770)-917-2656

    ReplyDelete